lunes, 2 de junio de 2008

A

A (Art. Indet.): un, una.
- There is a man at the door.
- She was wearing a red skirt.

El artículo a se usa en muchas oraciones en las que no usamos un ni una en español:
- A hundred times.
- He is a doctor.
- Take one tablet three times a day.

Ability (N) (pl.: abilities):
1.- aptitud, capacidad: - her musical ability.
2.- the ability to do sth.: - He has the ability to keep the children interested.

Able (Adj.):
1.- to be able to do sth.: “see capaz de hacer algo”: - He’ll be able to help you; - Is he able to walk?
2.- capaz: - A very able student.

Abbreviation (N):
1.- abreviatura: - Mr. Is the abbreviation for Mister.

About (Prep.):
1.- acerca de, sobre: - She gave me a book about the area.
2.- how about...? What about...? formula de sugerencia: ¿Qué tal si...? - How about going to the cinema?

About (Adv.):
1.- casi, aproximadamente: - It happened about two months ago; - I need about twenty-five dollars; - Come at about six.
2.- [UK] en diferentes partes de un sitio, “por ahí”: - She just leaves her clothes lying about.
3.- to be about to do sth.: estar a punto de hacer algo : - I was about to go to bed, when my friend phoned.

Above (Prep.):
1.- encima de (cuando no hay contacto): - There is a mirror above the washbasin.
2.- más de: - The temperature is above 35 degrees;- Children above the age of five.
3.- above all: sobre todo : - Above all, I’d like to thank my family.

Above (Adv.):
1.- arriba: - We live in the flat above.

Abroad (Adv.):
1.- en el extranjero: - My brother is studying abroad.
2.- to go/travel abroad: ir/viajar al extranjero: Are you going abroad this summer?

Absence (N):
1.- ausencia.

Absent (Adj.):
1.- ausente.
2.- To be absent from school: faltar a clase: - He has been absent from school all week.

Accept (V):
1.- aceptar: - He accepted the job.
2.- reconocer, admitir: - He refuses to accept that he’s made a mistake.

Acceptable (Adj.):
1.- aceptable.

Accident (N):
1.- accidente: - A car accident; - She had an accident in the kitchen.
2.- It was an accident: “fue sin querer” : - I didn’t do it on purpose, it was an accident.
3.- By accident: (a) sin querer; (b) por casualidad; (c) por equivocación.

Accidental (Adj.):
1.- accidental, fortuito: - Accidental damage.

Accordance (N):
1.- In accordance with sth. (formal) : de acuerdo con: - Article 47 may only be used in accordance with international law; - Use this product only in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.

According to (Prep.):
1.- según: - According to the map, we’re very close to the lake; - According to Susie he was alone.

Account (N):
1.- relato, descripción: - He gave us an exciting account of the match.
2.- cuenta (bancaria): - He paid the money into his bank account.
3.- To take sth. into account: “tener algo en cuenta”: - They took his age into account when judging his performance; - You didn’t take the time difference into account.
4.- By all accounts: “según todos dicen” : - The party was, by all accounts, a great success.
5.- On no account: “Bajo ningún concepto, por ninguna razón”: - On no account must these records be changed.
6.- On account of sth.: “Debido a algo”: We stayed at home on account of the bad weather.

Account (V):
1.- account for sth.: “explicar algo”: Could she account for the missing money?

Ache (N):
1.- dolor (no fuerte pero continuo): - stomach ache; - I’ve got stomach ache.

Ache (V) (aching, ached)
1.- doler: - Her head ached.

Achieve (V) (achieving, achieved):
1.- lograr: - If I finish this essay, I’ll feel I’ve achieved something; - She’s achieved a lot since she came to this school.

Achievement (N):
1.- logro: - This film is his greatest achievement to date.

Acid (N):
1.- ácido.

Across (Prep.):
1.- de un lado a otro de: - I was walking across the road.
2.- al otro lado de: - There’s a library just across the street.

Across (Adv.):
1.- de un lado a otro: - We’ll have to swim across.

Act (V):
1.- portarse, actuar: - Stop acting like a child!
2.- actuar, hacer algo: - We have to act now to stop the spread of this disease.
3.- actuar (en el teatro, en una película): - She’s been acting since she was five years old.
4.- to act the part of: “Hacer el papel de”: - Who acted the part of Hermione?
5.- to act as: “funcionar”: - This room acts as her office; - He acted as an adiviser on the project.

Act (N):
1.- acto: - An act of bravery; - An act of kindness.
2.- ley: - An act of Parliament.
3.- acto (de una obra de teatro).
4.- It’s just an act: “es puro teatro”: - She seems upset, but it’s just an act.

Action (N):
1.- acción (sin plural): - He likes films with a lot of action.
2.- to take action: “tomar medidas”: - We must take action before the problem gets worse.
3.- out of action: “averiado”: - My car is out of action.

Active (Adj.):
1.- activo: - She’s very active for her age.

Activity (N):
1.- (pl.: activities): - Dancing is her favourite activity; - Activities on offer include cycling, swimming, and tennis.
2.- movimiento: - The noise and activity of the city.

Actor (N):
1.- actor.

Actress (N):
1.- actriz.

Actual (Adj.):
1.- real: - The actual number is 250, not 450; - We think he stole the money, but we have no actual proof.

(La palabra castellana “actual” se dice “present” o “current”)

Actually (Adv.):
1.- en realidad, de verdad: - Do you actually believe that?; - So what actually happened?; - I know who he is, but I’ve never actually seen him; - He didn’t actually say anything important.
2.- (UK) se usa para introducir una discrepancia o una negativa: - “Do you mind if I smoke?” “Actually, I’d rather you didn’t”; - “You never told me.” “Actually, I did.”

Add (V):
1.- agregar, añadir: - First you mix the butter and sugar, and then you add the flour; - Add the eggs to the cream.
2.- sumar: - If you add three and four you get seven; - Have you added the figures together? Tb. add up: - add up these numbers; - Could you add up those figures?
3.- añadir, agregar (v. de lengua): - She sais she liked him but added that he was difficult to work with.

Addition (N):
1.- in addition (to sth.): además de : - In addition to teaching, she works as a nurse in the holidays; - In addition to English, the children also learn German and Spanish.
2.- (no pl.) (en aritmética): suma: - Addition and subtraction.
3.- (añadido) adición, incorporación: - Baby Eva is the latest addition to the family.

Additional (Adj.):
1.- adicional: - Additional information; -additional costs.

Address (N) (pl.: addresses):
1.- dirección: - Please write your name and address at the top of the page.
2.- dirección electrónica: email/web address.

Address (V):
1.- dirigir (indicando una dirección): - A parcel arrived addressed to Emma; - She addressed the letter to Mr. Wilson.
2.- dirigirse a (hablando): - The captain addressed his team.
3.- abordar (un problema): - We have to address the problem now.

Adjective (N):
1.- adjetivo.

Admiration (N):
1.- admiración: - My admiration for him grows daily.

Admire (V):
1.-admirar: - I admire her for her courage; - I admire him for being so determined; - I was just admiring your shirt.

Admit (V) (admitting, admitted):
1.- admitir (reconocer): - She admitted that she was lazy; - Both men admitted taking illegal drugs; - I was wrong – I admit it.
2.- admitir (dejar entrar): - It says on the ticket: “admits 2”.

Admittance (N):
1.- (formal) permiso para entrar en un sitio: - Gaining admittance to the club was no easy matter.

Adult (N):
1.- adulto: - A group of three adults and four children.

Adult (A):
1.- adulto, que ha acabado de crecer: - An adult male rat.
2.- para adultos o relacionado con adultos: - adult education.

Advance (N):
1.- in advance: por anticipado: - We booked our tickets in advance; - You have to pay in advance.
2.- avances, adelantos: scientific advances.

Advance (V) (advancing, advanced):
1.- avanzar: The army advanced towards the town.
2.- incrementarse/incrementar: - Research has advanced our understanding of the virus.

Advanced (Adj.):
1.- avanzado (moderno): - Advanced technology; - This is the most advanced mobile phone we sell.
2.- avanzado (de nível alto): - An advanced English course; - Advanced students of English.

Advantage (N):
1.- ventaja: - It is an advantage to speak several languages; - One advantage of living in town is having the shops so near.
2.- take advantage of sth.: sacar partido a algo: - Take advantage of the sport facilities while you are here.

Adventure (N):
1.- aventura: - They had quite a few adventures on their travels.

Adverb (N):
1.- adverbio.

Advertise (V) (advertising, advertised):
1.- anunciar, hacer publicidad a: - They are advertising a new type of electric toothbrush; - Companies are not allowed to advertise cigarettes on television.

Advertisement (N):
1.- anuncio: - Have you seen the advertisement for that new shampoo? – A newspaper/television advertisement.

Advice (N):
1.- (sin pl.) : consejo: - There’s a book giving advice on how to set up your own club; - She gave me some good advice; - I took your advice and went home early.
2.- a piece of advice: un consejo: - Let me give you a piece of advice.

Advise (V) (advising, advised):
1.- aconsejar: - The doctor advised me to eat more fruit and vegetables; - I would advise him to see a doctor.

Affair (N):
1.- asunto, situación: - That’s my affair; - The government’s handling of the affair has been widely criticized.
2.- affaire, amorío: - He had an affaire with a woman at work.

Affect (V):
1.- afectar: - The disease affects many older people; - The disease affected his breathing.

Afford (V):
1.- permitirse (economicamente): - We can’t afford a new car; - I can’t afford to go on holiday.

Affraid (Adj.):
1.- I’m afraid: “Me temo” (fórmula educada para anunciar una mala noticia o mostrar desacuerdo): - We haven’t got any tickets left, I’m afraid.
2.- to be afraid of sth. or someone : “estar asustado de algo o alguien, tenerle miedo a algo o alguien”: - She’s afraid of water; - Are you afraid of the dark? – We are not afraid of you.

After (Adv):
1.- después: - Have your milk first and your juice after.

After (Prep.):
1.- después de (indicando tiempo): - We went swimming after lunch.
2.- después de, detrás de (indicando orden): - H comes after G in the alphabet.
3.- [ US] se usa para indicar los minutos pasados de la hora: - It’s five after three.
4.- detrás de (persecución): - The child ran after the dog; - We ran after him.
5.- to be after someone: “andar detrás de alguien”: - Are the police still after him?
6.- to be after sth.: “andar detrás de algo, querer algo”: - I think he’s after more money; - What type of job are you after?
7.- after all: después de todo: - Don’t worry about it. After all, it’s not your fault.

After (C):
1.- después de que: - The watch broke three days after I bought it; - We arrived after the game has started.

Afternoon (N):
1.- tarde: - I have a tennis lesson in the afternoon; - I saw Jim yesterday afternoon; - I played tennis on Sunday afternoon.

Afterwards (Adv.):
1.- después: - I did my homework and went swimming afterwards.

Again (Adv.):
1.- otra vez: - Ask her again; - “I’ve made a mistake”. “Again?”
2.- again and again: “una y otra vez”: - The teacher makes us repeat the tables again and again.
3.- all over again: “(repitiendo) desde el principio”: - We had to start all over again.
4.- now and again: “de vez en cuando”: - My aunt visits us now and again.

Against (Prep.):
1.- en contra de, contra (indicando oposición): - Andrew wants to change offices, but I’m against it; - I’m against killing animals for their fur; - A protest against the war.
2.- contra (en competiciones): - We are playing against the blue team; - Liverpool are playing against AC Milan.
3.- contra (indicando contacto): - He leaned against the wall.
4.- against the law/the rules: “no permitido por las leyes o las reglas”: - It’s against the law to leave young children alone in the house.

Age (N):
1.- edad: - People of all ages were there; - She left India at the age of 12; - there were no children of my age.
2.- (sin pl.) años, vejez: - Some wines improve with age.
3.- era, edad (en la historia): - The Ice age.
4.- ages: “mucho tiempo”: - We talked for ages; - I haven’t seen them for ages.
5.- under age: “menor de edad”.

Ago (Adv.):
1.- en el pasado: - It happened a long time ago; - She left five minutes ago.
[Se usa con verbos en el pretérito, nunca con verbos en el pretérito perfecto: - He arrived a month ago / - He has been here for a month].

Agree (V) (agreeing, agreed):
1.- Estar de acuerdo con alguien o en algo: - I agree with you; - I agree with what she says; - We all agreed that mistakes had been made.
2.- aceptar: - She agreed to help him; - He agreed to the plan.
3.- decidir (conjuntamente): - They agreed to meet on Sunday.
4.- agree with sth.: “pensar que algo está bien”: I don’t agree with hunting.

Agreement (N):
1.- acuerdo: - An international agreement.
2.- (sin pl.) acuerdo, consenso: - Not everyone was in agreement.

Ahead (Adv.):
1.- ahead of someone: “delante de alguien”: - She walked on ahead of us; - There were three people ahead of me in the queue.
2.- en el futuro: - He has a difficult time ahead of him; - the months/years ahead.
3.- To be ahead: “ir ganando”: - We were two points ahead; - Barcelona was ahead after ten minutes.
4.- Go ahead: “adelante” (infml., para conceder permiso): - “Can I use your phone?” “Sure, go ahead.”

Ahead (Adj.):
1.- “de adelante”: - The car ahead suddenly braked.

Aim (N):
1.- objetivo, propósito: - The aim of the film was to make people laugh-

Aim (V):
1.- to aim to do sth./to aim for sth.: “tener como objetivo algo, proponerse algo”: - We aim to win; - We’re aiming for a 10% increase in sales.
2.- apuntar: - He aimed the gun at me; - He aimed the gun at the lion.

Air (N):
1.- aire (gas): - I need some fresh air; - Air pollution.
2.- aire (espacio): - He threw his hat into the air; - He fired his gun into the air.
3.- by air: “en avión”: -We travelled by air.

Aircraft (N):
1.- (pl.: aircraft): avión, aeronave.

Airforce (N):
1.- ejército del aire; fuerza aérea.

Airport (N):
1.- aeropuerto.

Alcohol (N):
1.- alcohol.

Alike (Adj.):
1.- parecido, igual: - They are very alike.

Alike (Adv.):
1.- parecido, igual: - We think alike; - The children look so alike; - They were all dressed alike in white dresses.

Alive (Adj.):
1.- vivo: - Are your grandfathers still alive?

All (D, Pd):
1.- todo, toda: - They drank all the juice; - I invited all my friends; - We were all dancing; - She spent it all; - He ate them all!
2.- at all: “en absoluto”: “Are you tired?” “Not at all.”; - I’m not at all hungry; - He hasn’t changed at all.

All (P):
1.- la totalidad de: - He spends all of his money on clothes.
2.- lo único: - All I remember is waking up in hospital.

All (Adv.):
1.- todo, completamente: - You’re all wet!

Allow (V):
1.- permitir: - Fishing is not allowed on the lake; - Smoking is not allowed in the restaurant; - She is not allowed to eat sweets.

Almost (Adv.):
1.- casi: - It’s almost 9 o’clock; - We’re almost there; - I almost missed the bus.

Alone (Adj.):
1.- solo, sola: - He lives alone.
2.- to leave someone alone: “dejar en paz a alguien”: - Leave him alone, he’s tired; - Leave me alone! I’m busy!
3.- to leave sth. alone: “no tocar algo”: - Leave my things alone! – Leave your hair alone!

Alone (Adv.):
1.- solamente: - Last year alone the company made a million dolars; - She alone knows the truth.

Along (Prep.):
1.- a lo largo de: - There were cars parked all along the road; - they walked along the beach.
2.- en paralelo a: - There’s a row of new houses along the river.

Along (Adv.):
1.- indica movimiento hacia adelante: - We were just walking along, talking; - He was driving along, listening to the radio; - Move along, please.
2.- come along: “llegar a alguna parte”: - Three buses came along at once.
3.- to bring someone along: “llevar/traer a alguien”: - Can I bring some friends along to the party?

Aloud (Adv.):
1.- en voz alta: - I laughed aloud; - She read the story aloud.

Alphabet (N):
1.- alfabeto: - The English alphabet starts at A and ends at Z; - You have to learn the alphabet.

Already (Adv.):
1.- ya (antes de ahora o antes de un momento en el pasado): - I’ve already told him.
2.- ya (antes de lo esperado): - I can’t believe you’ve already finished.
[Cuando hay un solo verbo, “already” va delante del verbo: - She already knows, salvo cuando se trata del verbo “to be”, con el que “already” va siempre detrás: - Tom was already there when we arrived. Si hay dos verbos, “already” va entre ambos: - I had already seen the film.]

Also (Adv.):
1.- también: - She speaks French and also a little Spanish.
[Idéntica colocación que “already”: Cuando hay un solo verbo, “also” va delante del verbo: - Chocolate ice cream is my favourite but I also like strawberry, salvo cuando se trata del verbo “to be”, con el que “also” va siempre detrás: - Peter was also there. Si hay dos verbos, “also” va entre ambos: - James would also like to go; - You should also visit the cathedral.]

Although (C):
1.- aunque: - She walked home by herself, although she knew it was dangerous; - Although she is three years younger than her brother, she’s a lot taller.
2.- pero: - He’s coming tomorrow, although I don’t know what time.

Altogether (Adv.):
1.- completamente: - The train slowed down and then stopped altogether; - I’m not altogether sure.
2.- en total: - There were twenty people there altogether; - There were ten of us altogether.

Always (Adv.):
1.- Siempre, todas las veces: - I al ways walk to work.
2.- Siempre (en el pasado): - We’ve always lived here.
3.- Siempre (mirando al futuro): - I will always remember you.
[Idéntica colocación que “already” y “also”: Cuando hay un solo verbo, “always” va delante del verbo: - We always enjoy our holidays, salvo cuando se trata del verbo “to be”, con el que “always” va siempre detrás: - You are always hungry. Si hay dos verbos, “always” va entre ambos: - You must always be careful when you cross the street.]

Among (tb. amongst) (Prep.)
1.- entre (en el medio de): - He disappeared among the crowd.
2.- entre (en un grupo en particular): - His essay was among the best; - The decision will not be popular among students.
3.- entre (a cada uno de un grupo): - She divided the cake among the children; - The money was shared among the children.

Amount (N)
1.- cantidad: - He ate a huge amount of food; - It cost a large amount of money.

Amuse (V) (amusing, amused):
1.- divertir, hacer gracia a alguien: - I thought this article might amuse you; - He was not amused at the joke.
2.- entretener: - I bought a magazine to amuse myself on the train; - They played hide-and-seek to keep the children amused.

Amusement (N):
1.- diversión: - I watched the performance with great amusement.

Amusing (Adj.):
1.- gracioso, divertido: - An amusing letter.

An (D):
1.- un, una: - an apple; -an hour.
[Se usa cuando la palabra que le sigue empieza con un sonido vocálico].

Ancient (Adj.):
1.- antiguo: - Ancient buildings; - Ancient history; - Ancient Greece.

And (C):
1.- y: - Tea and coffee; - We were tired and hungry; - I have a cat and a hamster; - Are John and Jill coming tonight?

Anger (N):
1.- (sin pl.) enfado, rabia.

Angle (N):
1.- ángulo: - An angle of 90 degrees.

Angry (Adj.) (angrier, angriest):
1.- enfadado: - I’m very angry with her; - He’s really angry with me for upsetting Sophie.
[der.: angrily (adv.): - He said it angrily]

Animal (N):
1.- animal: - A wild animal; - Are humans the only animals to use language?; - They have sheep, pigs and other animals.

Announce (V) (announcing, announced):
1.- anunciar: - The company announced plans to open six new stores; - The captain announced that the plane was going to land.

Ankle (N):
1.- tobillo: - I twisted my ankle.

Annoy (V) (annoying, annoyed):
1.- irritar, hacer enfadar: - He’s always late and it’s starting to annoy me; - You’re beginning to annoy me.

Annoyance (N):
1.- (sin pl.): irritación.

Annoying (Adj.):
1.- irritante: -An annoying habit.

Another (D, P):
1.- otro, uno más: - Would you like another glass of juice?; - Two is not enough. I need another one; - He ate his sandwich and asked for another.
2,- otro, uno distinto: - I’m going to look for another job.
[Tras un artículo o posesivo se usa “other”: - The other glove;- my other friends. Cuando no hay artículo ni posesivo se usa “another” con un sustantivo en singular y “other” con uno en plural: - Would you like another coffee?/- People from other countries. “Another” también se usa seguido de sustantivos plurales cuando estos van precedidos de un número: - He asked for another L5; - I haven’t got enough paper. I need another three sheets. “otro más”: “another one”; “el otro”: “the other one”; “los otros”, “las otras”: “the others”.]

Answer (V):
1.- contestar (a una pregunta): - I asked when she was leaving, but she didn’t answer; - I must answer his letter; - Answer me when I talk to you!;
- You should answer all the questions in the text.
2.- contestar (abrir la puerta): - I knocked several times, but no one answered; - to answer the door.
3.- contestar (al teléfono): - Could someone answer the phone?

Answer (N):
1.- respuesta: - I asked him if he was going but I didn’t hear his answer; - I’m still waiting for an answer; - Did you get the answer to question six?
2.- solución: - It’s a big problem and I don’t know what the answer is; - The answer to the problem of drug abuse.
3.- respuesta (al teléfono o la puerta): - I rang the bell, but there was no answer.

Ant (N):
1.- hormiga.

Anxiety (N):
1.- (sin pl.): preocupación, ansiedad.

Anxious (Adj.):
1.- preocupado: - She’s very anxious about her exams.
2.- deseoso de: - He’s anxious to get home.
[der.: anxiously (Adv.): - He waited anxiously by the phone.]

Any (P,D):
1.- En O. Afirmativas = “cualquier”, “cualquiera”: - Any of those shirts would be fine; - You can buy them in any bookshop; - You can take any of these.
2.- En O. Interrogativas y Negativas = “alguno, -a”, “ninguno,-a”: - Is there any cake left?; - Do you know any of her friends?; - I haven’t seen any of his films; - I don’t like any of their songs.
[No se usa “any”, sino “some” en las preguntas en las que se pide o se ofrece algo: - Can I have some cake?; - Would you like some milk?]

Any (Adv.):
1.- En O. Interrogativas y Negativas delante de un Adjetivo o Adverbio Comparativo: - Do you feel any better?; - I can’t walk any faster; - I can’t shout any louder.

Anyhow (Adv):
1.- (infml. = anyway): en cualquier caso, de todas formas, de todos modos (introduciendo una afirmación más importante): - I don’t need a car and I can’t afford one anyway.
2.- “de todos modos” (reforzando una adversativa) - The dress was expensive, but I bought it anyway; - I hate carrots, but I ate them anyway.
3.- “de todos modos” (para cambiar de tema): - Anyway, as I said, I’ll be away next week; - Anyway, what do you want to do tomorrow?

Anyone (P):
1.- Cualquiera (O. Afirmativa): - Anyone could do that. It’s easy.
2.- ¿Alguien? (O. Interrogativa): - Has anyone seen my pen?
3.- Nadie (O. Negativa): - I didn’t know anyone at the party; - There wasn’t anyone at home.
[En O. Afirmativas “alguien” se dice “someone” o “somebody”: - There was someone at the door.]

Anything (P):
1.- cualquier cosa (O. Afirmativa): - My dog will eat anything.
2.- ¿Alguna cosa? ¿Algo? (O. Interrogativa): - Was there anything else you wanted to say?; - Did you buy anything?
3.- Nada (O. Negativa): - I haven’t got anything to wear; - There wasn’t anything to eat.
[En O. Afirmativas “algo” se dice “something”: - Go and buy something to drink.
No se usa “anything”, sino “something” en las preguntas en las que se pide o se ofrece algo: - Can I have something to eat? – Would you like something to drink?]

Anywhere (Adv.):
1.- en cualquier sitio (O. Afirmativa): - Just sit anywhere.
2.- (en) algún sitio (O. Interrogativa): - Have you been anywhere else?; - Is there anywhere else you’d like to visit while you’re here?
3.- en ningún sitio (O. Negativa): - I couldn’t find a post office anywhere; - I can’t find my glasses anywhere.

Apart (Adv.):
1.- indica separación en el espacio o en el tiempo: - Stand with your feet wide apart; - The two cities are six miles apart; - Our children were born eighteen months apart.
2.- “en pedazos”: My jacket is so old, it’s coming apart.
3.- apart from: “excepto, aparte de”: - Apart from Jodie, who hurt her leg, all the children were fine; - All the children came apart from Joe.

Apartment (N):
1.- piso, apartamento.

Apparatus (N):
1.- equipo (para llevar a cabo una actividad): - diving apparatus.

Appear (V):
1.- parecer: - He appeared calm and relaxed; - She appeared to be nervous.
2.- aparecer: - He suddenly appeared in the doorway; - Stars appeared in the sky.
[opp.: disappear]

Appearance (N):
1.- apariencia, aspecto: - Carol is very concerned about/with her appearance.
2.- aparición: - a public appearance; - This is her first appearance in television.

Apple (N):
1.- manzana: - I had an apple for desert.

Appoint (V):
1.- nombrar (para un puesto o trabajo): - They appointed Mr. Jones as the new head teacher; - He was appointed as company director last year.

Approval (N):
1.- (sin pl.): aprobación.
[opp.: disapproval]

Approve (V) (approving, approved):
1.- aprobar (una medida, una ley): - The council has approved plans for a new shopping center.
2.- to approve of sth.: “estar de acuerdo con algo”: - I don’t approve of smoking.

Arch (N):
1.- Arco (en arquitectura).

Area (N):
1.- zona, región: - A poor area; - We’ve always lived in this area; - A picnic area.
2.- superficie, área: - An area of 500 square meters.

Argue (V) (arguing, argued):
1.- discutir: - My parents are always arguing about money; - Stop arguing.

Argument (N):
1.- discusión: - They had an argument about who should do the cleaning.

Arm (N):
1.- brazo: - She held the tiny baby in her arms; - He broke his arm.

Armour (UK) (US Armor) (N):
1.- armadura: - A suit of armour.

Arms (N):
1.- armas: - He was selling arms to the enemy; The sale of arms.

Army (N):
1.- (pl.: armies) ejército: - The British army.

Around (Prep.):
1.- alrededor de: - They sat around the table; - They built a wall around the garden; - The Earth moves around the Sun.
2.- por (en un lugar): - I spent a year travelling around Australia; - They walked around the town.
3.- por (cerca de): - Is there a coffee around here?
4.- alrededor de, aproximadamente (ante un número o una cantidad): - Come around 10 o’clock; - It costs around L50.

Around (Adv.):
1.- alrededor de sí mismo: - He turned around and looked at her; - This lever turns the wheels around.

Arrange (V) (arranging, arranged):
1.- organizar (hacer que ocurra algo): - I have arranged a meeting for tomorrow.
2.- to arrange to do sth.: “quedar en hacer algo”: - We arranged to meet at the bus stop.
3.- organizar (poner en orden): - Arrange the books alphabetically by author; - She arranged the flowers in a vase.

Arrangement (N):
1.- Plan: - I’ve made arrangements to go home this weekend.

Arrival (N):
1.- llegada: - There was a car waiting for him on arrival; - He was arrested on arrival in London.
[opp.: departure]

Arrive (V) (arriving, arrived)
1.- llegar: - We arrived in Paris at midday; - I was the last to arrive at the station; - Your letter arrived yesterday.
[opp.: leave]

Art (N):
1.- arte: - Modern art; - An art gallery; - I want to study art.
2.- habilidad : - The art of conversation.

Article (N):
1.- artículo (de periódico): - I read an article on astrology; - We read an article about the floods.
2.- artículo (cosa): - An article of clothing; - Many articles were half price.
3.- artículo (clase de palabra).

Artificial (Adj.):
1.- artificial: - Artificial flowers; - An artificial leg.

As (C):
1.- as...as...: “tan...como...”: - He’s not as tall as his brother; - My drawing is just as good as yours; - She earns three times as much as I do.
2.- as if/as though: “como si”: - It looks as if it might rain.
3.- mientras: - I saw James as I was leaving; - We sang as we worked.
4.- porque: - You can go first as you’re the oldest; - I can’t help as I’m too busy.

As (P):
1.- de, como: - She works as a teacher; - We can use this box as a table.

As (Adv.):
1.- as well: “también”: - Are you going to the park? Can we come as well?

Ash (N):
1.- ceniza: - Cigarette ash.

Ashamed (Adj.):
1.- avergonzado: - I felt so ashamed of my behaviour; - You should be ashamed of yourself; - I am ashamed of what I did.

Aside (Adv.):
1.- a un lado: - I gave her some food but she pushed it aside; - I stepped aside to let her pass.

Ask (V):
1.- preguntar: - Ask your teacher; - Can I ask you a question?; - I asked him about his hobbies; - She asked me who I was; - I asked why the plane was so late; - I asked if I could go.
2.- pedir (+ for sth./+sb.+for sth./+sb.+to do sth.) : - They asked for help; - He’s asked for a bike for his birthday; - He asked me for a chocolate; - I’m going to ask Mum for money; Ask Tom to help you; - The teacher asked me to clean the blackboard.
3.- invitar: - John asked me to the dance; - She asked him out to lunch.

Asleep (Adj.):
1.- to be asleep: “estar dormido, estar durmiendo”: - The children are asleep; - She was fast asleep.
2.- to fall asleep: “dormirse, quedarse dormido”: - He fell asleep in front of the TV; - I fell asleep straight away.

Association (N):
1.- asociación: - Football Association.

At (P):
1.- en, (a) (indicando lugar): - We met at the station; - She was sitting at the table; - She’s at work; - I wasn’t at home when he phoned.
2.- en, (a) (indicando tiempo): - The meeting starts at three; - I saw them at Christmas.
3.- a (indicando precio, edad o velocidad): - He got married at twenty-one; - He was driving at 120 miles per hour.
4.- to be good/bad etc. at something: “ser bueno/malo para algo”: - He’s good at making friends; - I’m not very good at drawing.
5.- a, hacia (indicando dirección): - She threw the ball at him.
6.- ante (indicando causa de un sentimiento): - We were surprised at the news.

Atom (N):
1.- átomo.

Attach (V):
1.- sujetar: - She attached a photograph to her letter with a paper clip.
2.- to be attached to someone/sth.: “estar apegado a alguien/algo”: - Mary was very attached to her father; - I’m rather attached to my old car.

Attack (N):
1.- ataque, atentado: - There was a terrorist attack on the capital.
2.- ataque (de una enfermedad): - He had a nasty attack of flu.

Attack (V):
1.- atacar: - He was attacked by a gang of youths; - The rebels attacked the camp at dawn.
2.- criticar: - She has attacked the government’s new education policy.

Attempt (N):
1.- intento: - This is his second attempt at the exam; - At least she made an attempt to speak their language.

Attempt (V):
1.- intentar: - He attempted to escape through a window.

Attend (V):
1.- asistir a: - He attended the meeting.

Attendance (N):
1.- asistencia (nº de personas): - We have seen falling attendances at football grounds.
2.- (sin plural) asistencia (acción de asistir): - His attendance at school is very poor.

Attention (N):
1.- atención: - May I have your attention, please?
2.- to pay attention: “atender, prestar atención”: - You are not paying attention, Lucy.
3.- to attract someone’s attention: “llamar la atención de alguien”: - I waved at him to attract his attention.

Attitude (N):
1.- actitud: - He has a very bad attitude towards work; - A friendly attitude.

Attract (V):
1.- atraer: - The castle attracts more than 300.000 visitors a year;
2.- to be attracted to someone: “sentir atracción por alguien”: – He’s attracted to her; cf.: - So what attracted you to Joe in the first place?

Attractive (Adj.):
1.- atractivo, atrayente: - An attractive woman; - An attractive idea; - I don’t find him attractive.

Authority (N):
1.- (sin pl.) autoridad.
2.- autoridades: - a health authority.

Aunt (N):
1.- tía: - I spent the weekend at my aunt’s.

Autumn (US fall)(N):
1.- otoño : - I’m starting a new job in the autumn.

Available (Adj.):
1.- disponible: - This information is available free on the Internet; - Do you have a room available?

Average (A):
1.- normal, típico: - An average day; - The average child likes ice cream.
2.- medio, media: - The average age of the students is 18.
3.- pasable: - The food was pretty average.

Average (N):
1.- promedio: - They work an average of 30.5 hours per week; - The average is fifteen.

Avoid (V):
1.- evitar (físicamente): - Try to avoid the city centre; - She’s trying to avoid me.
2.- evitar (en sentido figurado): - She managed to avoid answering my question.

Awake (Adj.):
1.- to be awake: “estar despierto”: - I was awake half the night.

Away (Adv.):
1.- lejos (indicando alejamiento): - Go away and leave me alone; - We moved away from the town centre.
2.- lejos (indicando distancia): - The village is three miles away; - The nearest town is ten miles away; - Do you live far away?
3.- en el futuro (indicando distancia en el tiempo): My exam’s only a week away now.
4.- to be away: “estar fuera”: - Sophie’s feeding the cat while we’re away; - I’ll be away for a week.

Awkward (Adj.):
1.- difícil, problemático: - An awkward question.
2.- embarazoso, tenso: - An awkward silence.
3.- torpe: - His movements were slow and awkward.